Apple today announced the M1, which is the first chip designed specifically for the Mac. M1 is optimized for Mac systems, so its compact size and energy efficiency are crucial. M1 is a system-on-chip (SoC), which can combine multiple powerful technologies on a single chip, and has a unified memory architecture that can greatly improve performance and efficiency.
The first 5nm computer processor
M1 is the first personal computer chip built using advanced 5nm process technology. It is loaded with an astonishing 16 billion transistors, which is the largest number Apple has mounted on a chip so far. Among low-power chips, M1 is equipped with the world's fastest CPU core, the world's strongest CPU performance per watt, the fastest integrated graphics processing in the world's personal computers, and the Apple neural network engine that brings extraordinary machine learning performance.
Make Mac performance a big jump
M1 can provide up to 3.5 times the fastest CPU performance, 6 times the fastest GPU performance and the fastest 15 times the machine learning speed, as well as up to 2 times the battery life of the previous Mac. Through greatly improved performance and efficiency, the M1 has achieved the biggest leap in Mac history.
Mac's first system-on-chip (SoC)
In the past, Macs and PCs relied on multiple chips to handle CPU, I/O, security and many other functions. Now with M1, these technologies can be combined on a single SoC, bringing the integration of more extraordinary performance and energy efficiency to a whole new level. M1 also has a unified memory architecture that can integrate a single memory pool with high bandwidth and low latency in a custom package. This allows all technologies in the SoC to access the same data instead of copying the contents of other memory pools, further improving performance and efficiency.
The world's strongest CPU performance per watt
M1 is equipped with 8-core CPU, including 4 high-performance cores and 4 high-efficiency cores. For single-threaded work, each high-performance core can provide industry-leading performance in the most energy-efficient way. In the field of low-power chips, these cores are the fastest CPU cores in the world, allowing photographers to edit high-resolution photos at a fast speed, and allowing developers to build apps almost 3 times faster than before. In addition, 4 high-performance cores can operate simultaneously, greatly improving the performance of multi-threaded tasks.
The 4 high-efficiency cores can also provide excellent performance, but the power consumption is only one-tenth of the previous. With just these 4 high-efficiency cores, it only needs very low power consumption to output the performance comparable to this generation of dual-core MacBook Air. These cores perform lightweight daily tasks with the best efficiency, such as checking emails or browsing the web, saving battery life in unprecedented ways. All 8 cores can operate at the same time, output amazing computing power for the heaviest tasks, and provide the world's strongest CPU performance per watt.
Ultra-fast device-side machine learning function
The M1 chip brings Apple's neural network engine to the Mac, greatly increasing the processing speed of machine learning (ML) tasks. The neural network engine in M1 has Apple's most advanced 16-core architecture, which can perform 11 trillion operations per second, which can increase machine learning performance by up to 15 times. In fact, the entire M1 chip is designed to give full play to machine learning technology. The ML accelerator in the CPU and the powerful GPU complement each other, making the performance of Mac video analysis, voice recognition and image processing operations enter a whole new level.
The world's fastest integrated graphics processing
M1 includes Apple's most advanced GPU, using the results of many years of analysis of various Mac applications, including commonly used apps and difficult professional workloads. M1's GPU is outstanding, with industry-leading performance and outstanding efficiency. The GPU has up to 8 powerful cores and can execute nearly 25,000 threads at the same time. Whether it's smoothly playing multiple 4K video streams, or performing extremely heavy tasks such as arithmetic for complex 3D scenes, it can easily handle . M1 has a processing capacity of 2.6 trillion floating-point operations per second, and has the fastest integrated graphics processing in the world's personal computers.